Thursday, December 5, 2019
Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson went through trials pertaining to foreign affairs as president. Both Roosevelt and Wilson put forth significant efforts in their foreign policies. They were similar in some of their intentions and goals for the world, yet they differed in some of the ways they went about obtaining these goals; however, RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy was more effective than WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s because of its lasting effects. Some of the reasons why Roosevelt and Wilson were involved in foreign affairs are similar, if not the same. War caused a lot of tension between nations and was a major reason that Roosevelt and Wilson involved themselves in foreign affairs. Roosevelt stepped in to stop the Russo-Japanese war; he had Russia acknowledge the territorial gains of Japan and had Japan agree to end fighting as well as put a stop to their expansion. In the years that followed, Japan was becoming a naval power in the Pacific, therefore, Roosevelt sent the Ã¢â¬Å"Great White FleetÃ¢â¬ to intimidate Japan and remind them of the power that America had. Wilson was a member of the Big Four that tried to find a perfect peace treaty for the end of World War 1. He began by promoting his Fourteen Points, and later presented the Treaty of Versailles. Another reason why both Roosevelt and Wilson were involved in foreign affairs was because they wanted America to increase their influence on surrounding nations. Roosevelt was looking for ways to help smaller countries because he believed America was a more civilized power while Wilson was working to help Nicaragua keep control over the area wanted for a canal. Also, both were involved in Caribbean politics. Roosevelt used the Roosevelt Corollary in the Dominican Republic as well as giving Cuba political independence after they agreed to the Platt Amendment. An example of WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s connection to the Caribbean is provided when Wilson purchases the West Indies from Denmark because Wilson fears that Germany could gain control of them. Though their foreign policies contain many similarities, they have many differences as well. Most of the differences between Roosevelt and WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policies pertained to the way they went about taking care of problems. For one, Roosevelt and Wilson had different views on secrecy. During a short time, Roosevelt had a secret agreement with Japan to make sure that trade for the United States would remain free in that area of the world; however, in WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Fourteen Points, he made a point against secret treaties. Another difference is clearly shown in their enthusiasm toward foreign affairs. Roosevelt enjoyed being involved with other nations because he felt that he was the one in control and that he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about what Congress thought of his ideas. One the other hand, when Wilson entered office he had little interest in dealing with other nations. Throughout the first half of World War 1 this is shown in his struggle to remain neutral. The views of Roosevelt and Wilson differ once again between the views of military. In RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes, it was important to build up the military in preparation to fight. WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s Fourteen Points, however, state that the world should proceed to reduce the size of armaments. Also, Roosevelt differed from Wilson in the way they thought conflict should be policed. Roosevelt liked to handle problems on his own, for example, the Russo-Japanese war. He personally went in and took care of the conflict, which reveals why he received a Nobel Peace Prize. Wilson, however, believed that multiple people, or nations, should take care of conflict, which motivated him to work towards creating the League of Nations during the peace conference in 1919. Although both foreign policies differ in many ways, RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s policy was more effective. RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy was overall more effective than WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s because he was able to successfully implement more of his policies. For one, very few of his plans were used in the peace conference. Also, Wilson couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t get support from the people for his Treat of Versailles because he was too stubborn to accept any compromise to his plans. Wilson worked so hard to try to gain support for his Treaty of Versailles that he became ill, yet his efforts still were not good enough. When Wilson tried to stabilize the relationship between the United States and Mexico, but it just caused more tension and conflict between the two countries in the late 1910s. On the other hand, Roosevelt was able to obtain the Roosevelt Corollary, which allowed the military to step in when it needed to help the smaller, neighboring nations. Under RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s control the nation was able to grant Cuba political independence by having them agree to the Platt Amendment, which gave the US the right to prevent any other nations from attacking Cuba. Not to mention that Roosevelt was able to gain the Panama Canal and also help Panama become an independent nation. Overall, Roosevelt clearly was able to help the United States with its foreign affairs more than Wilson was able to. Though Roosevelt and Wilson had similarities between their foreign policies, they had many differences as well. Both wanted what was best for the world and they both believed that they were obtaining that through their foreign policies. However, they went about this in different ways. Roosevelt obtained higher excellence regarding his foreign policies with other nations.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Literary Analysis of the Dubliners Paper ENG 301 Literature Analysis Title: Dubliners Ã¢â¬Å"EvelineÃ¢â¬ , James Joyce Cast: Main Characters: Eveline Hill, her father, her mother, Frank, Minor Characters: a man, the children playing in the field( the Devines, Waters, Dunns, little Keogh, her brothers and sisters, Ernest, Tizzie Dunn, Margaret Alacovaz, Miss Gaven, Harry and the organ player Character: Eveline Hill Caregiver: The character Eveline is portrayed as the caretaker. Ã¢â¬Å"She had hard work to keep the house together and to see that the two young children whom had been left to her to charge went to school regularly and got their meals regularly. ( Eveline to self, 37) Since her mother has pasted on, Eveline has had to assume the role of the nurturer because she was the only one that was capable of doing so. She was in charge of the dusting, cleaning and taking care of everything since her mother had past so to her this just seemed to be so routine to her, as well as living in Dublin for all these years this is just what she knows and feels comfortable with. Conformist: Her father seemed to be somewhat of a director towards her as well as does her lover Frank. He father doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to condone her relationship with Frank. Ã¢â¬Å"The organ player had been ordered to go away and given six pence. She remembered her father strutting back into the sickroom saying Damned Italians! Coming over here! Ã¢â¬ (Eveline to self, 39) Her father is very domineering and tries to tell her what to do and that he seems to know what is best for her. He even goes as far as taking her paycheck that she gets from the store that she works at and from watching the children as well. She also seems to think that Franks will drown her if she ends up going with him as opposed to staying because she will have the challenges with a new marriage, a new home and possibly children. Oppressor: Paralysis seems to be another factor within the story. Ã¢â¬Å"She sat her white face to him, passive, like a helpless animal. Ã¢â¬ (Eveline to self, 41) ItÃ¢â¬â¢s like she freezes when the opportunity arises to be able to gain from her new experiences. She canÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to let go of the memories which again is what seems to also be holding her back. We will write a custom essay sample on Literary Analysis of the Dubliners specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Literary Analysis of the Dubliners specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Literary Analysis of the Dubliners specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer She seems to have an epiphany when she realizes that he is gone and that she is going to have to deal with the regret of not going with Frank just to see how it would have been if she had made the decision to go with him. Loner: There are many senses that are used quite often throughout this reading. Ã¢â¬Å"WindowsÃ¢â¬ is a common word repeated throughout. Ã¢â¬Å"She sat at the window watching the evening invade the avenue. Ã¢â¬ (Eveline to self, 34) This seems to show a reflection on her own situations and relations she has with other people. She hears the organ and it reminds her of her mother and how she lived and she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to have a repeat of her life, but her impulses and the reliance she has seems to override the impulses. One other sense that seems to be reoccurring is hearing. She hears footsteps outside the window in front of the new houses and this again shows that there seems to be some sense of a loner town and that there is really nothing keeping her there but again her family. Survivor: Ã¢â¬Å"She gripped with both hands at the iron railing. (Eveline to self, 40) This shows that she has comfort in staying and surviving the life she has in Dublin. She had the chance to leave what she has always known but instead she decides to stay and live up to her word that she told her dying mother. Setting: Dublin, Ireland, 1904, an old room mainly setting in the window, the dock Plot: A young lady named Eveline Hill is setting alone in her home pondering the idea of leaving DublinÃ¢â¬â¢s ordinary life tha t seem to be based on experiences to elope with her love Frank the sailor, but in the end she abandons him at the dock. Theme: Ã¢â¬Å"He rushed beyond the barrier and called to her to follow. He was shouted at to go on but he still called to her. She set her white face to him, passive, like a helpless animal. Her eyes gave him no sign of love or farewell or recognition. Ã¢â¬ (40,Eveline to self) Within this story, it depicts a young lady named Eveline trying to debate if she wants to stay in Dublin and what she has always known or to take an adventure with her lover to Buenos Ayres to live. This seems to be her only way to escape from everyone/everything and be able to have a chance to be able to start a new life with her lover Frank. This seems to portray some type of relation between life and death. The reason being is that Eveline seems to think that her leaving is in a way of that particular part of her life dying off and with her leaving, this is a way to a new life for her away from everyone in Dublin. She seems to be pondering the idea of giving up her chance at love so that she may stay where she has always been. Eveline has done the same jobs of working for other people, giving her paychecks to her dad and taking care of her brothers for so long that she is not quite sure how to really do anything else. She is so stuck in her routine with the way of doing things for others that she is willing to let go of her chance at true romance. It seems to be that they are trying to make her feel bad in a way of mental abuse so that she will not leave them. It seems to be so that she can have the chance to experience new things, such as moving away to be with her lover Frank and for once have happiness in her life. EvelineÃ¢â¬â¢s father as well as her brothers donÃ¢â¬â¢t really care or care to see what makes her happy. They are all in it for themselves. Her father and brothers have had things done for them for so long they donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to have to actually do something for themselves. Her family knows that if she stays, she will continue on with her daily routine. From this particular story, family seems to be the overall big picture for the theme. Everything seems to come back to the family. She does what she does on her daily routine because of her family; she does everything to help out her family even if it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make her happy. In the end she lets her lover leave without her because of her family as well.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Global Warming and Its Effect on Marine Populations Global warming, an increase in the Earths average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate, is a growing environmental concern caused by industry and agriculture in the mid-20th century to the present. As greenhouse gasses such as carbon dioxide and methane are released into the atmosphere, a shield forms around the Earth, trapping heatÃ and, therefore, creating a general warming effect. Oceans are one of the areas most affected by this warming. Rising air temperatures affect the physical nature of the oceans. As air temperatures rise, water becomes less dense and separates from a nutrient-filled cold layer below. This is the basis for a chain effect that impacts all marine life that counts on these nutrients for survival. There are two general physical effects of ocean warming on marine populations that are crucial to consider: Changes in natural habitats and food supplyChanging ocean chemistry/acidification Changes in Natural Habitats and Food Supply Phytoplankton, one-celled plants that live at the oceans surface and algae use photosynthesis for nutrients. Photosynthesis is a process that removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and converts it into organic carbon and oxygen, which feedÃ almost every ecosystem.Ã According to a NASA study, phytoplankton is more likely to thrive in cooler oceans. Similarly, algae, a plant that produces food for other marine life through photosynthesis, is vanishing due to ocean warming. Since oceans are warmer, nutrients cant travel upward to these suppliers, which survive only in oceans small surface layer. Without those nutrients, phytoplankton and algae cannot supplement marine life with necessary organic carbon and oxygen. Yearly Growth Cycles Various plants and animals in the oceans need both a temperature and light balance in order to thrive. Temperature-driven creatures, such as phytoplankton, have started their yearly growth cycle earlier in the season due to warming oceans. Light-driven creatures start their yearly growth cycle around the same time. Since phytoplankton thrive in earlier seasons, the entire food chain is affected. Animals that once traveled to the surface for food are now finding an area void of nutrients, and light-driven creatures are starting their growth cycles at different times. This creates a non-synchronous natural environment. Migration The warming of oceans may also lead to migration of organisms along the coasts. Heat-tolerant species, such as shrimp, expand northward, while heat-intolerant species, such as clams and flounder, retreat northward. This migration leads to a new mix of organisms in an entirely new environment, ultimately causing changes in predatory habits. If some organisms cannot adapt to their new marine environment, they will not flourish and will die off. Changing Ocean Chemistry/Acidification As carbon dioxide is released into the oceans, the ocean chemistry drastically changes. Greater carbon dioxide concentrations released into the oceans create increased ocean acidity. As ocean acidity increases, phytoplankton isÃ reduced. This results in fewer ocean plants able to convert greenhouse gasses. Increased ocean acidity also threatens marine life, such as corals and shellfish, which may become extinct later this century from the chemical effects of carbon dioxide. Acidifications Effect on Coral Reefs Coral, one of the leading sources for the oceans food and livelihood, is also changing with global warming. Naturally, coral secretes tiny shells of calcium carbonate in order to form its skeleton. Yet, as carbon dioxide from global warming is released into the atmosphere, acidification increases and the carbonate ions vanish. This results in lower extension rates or weaker skeletons in most corals. Coral Bleaching Coral bleaching, the breakdown in the symbiotic relationship between coral and algae, is also occurring with warmer ocean temperatures. Since zooxanthellae, or algae, give coral its particular coloration, increased carbon dioxide in the planets oceans causes coral stress and a release of this algae. This leads to a lighter appearance. When this relationship that is so important for our ecosystem to survive vanishes, corals begin to weaken. Consequently, food and habitats for a great number of marine life are also destroyed. Holocene Climatic Optimum TheÃ drastic climate change known as Holocene Climatic Optimum (HCO) and its effect on surrounding wildlife is not new. The HCO, a general warming period displayed in fossil records from 9,000 to 5,000 BP, proves that climate change can directly impact natures inhabitants. In 10,500 BP, younger dryas, a plant that once spread throughout the world in various cold climates, became nearly extinct due to this warming period. Toward the end of the warming period, this plant that so much of nature had depended on was only found in the few areas that remained cold. Just as younger dryas became scarce in the past, phytoplankton, coral reefs, and the marine life that depend on them are becoming scarce today. Earths environment is continuing on a circular path that may soon lead to chaos within a once naturally balanced environment. Future Outlook and Human Effects The warming of the oceans and its effect on marine life has a direct impact on human life. As coral reefs die, the world loses an entire ecological habitat of fish. According to the World Wildlife Fund, a small increase of 2 degrees Celsius would destroy almost all existing coral reefs. Additionally, ocean circulation changes due to warming would have a disastrous effect on marine fisheries. This drastic outlook is often hard to imagine. It can only be related to a similar historical event. Fifty-five million years ago, ocean acidification led to a mass extinction of ocean creatures. According to fossil records, it took more than 100,000 years for the oceans to recover. Eliminating the use of greenhouse gasses and protecting the oceans can prevent this from occurring again.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Public Health infrastructure - Research Paper Example No single effort toward the infrastructural development can undermine the factors which intensify the virus spread. This comprehensive approach should be supported by adequate funding, workforce, and laboratory facilities, especially where the disease is highly endemic. However, having a well praised health infrastructure is not what all needed, but it must be supported with available scientific evidence for decision making. Creating on time administration policies is also important. These policies must include prevention programs and other aspects regarding the operational research. The research process in the public health infrastructure must be more clear, specific, and effective than they are in the current scenario. The research team should conduct significant research missions regarding the means to countermand the spread of HIV/AIDS. They should adopt programs from the international research leaders like the MHRP. The U.S. Military HIV Research Program (MHRP), 1986, protected the service personnel as well as the global community by diminishing the risk of HIV infection (Uganda). Until now, MHRP has been leading the International HIV vaccine development efforts, having five research sites in Asia and Africa.